标签存档: svn钩子

centos下安装配置subversion

基本步骤:
1、安装必需的subversion
2、创建版本库
3、配置用户和权限
4、钩子和svn常用命令说明

一、安装subversion
在这里我们使用yum来安装subversion,使用以下命令即可完成。

[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install subversion

二、创建版本库

[root@localhost ~]# svnadmin create /var/www/svnroot

如果需要创建子版本库也可以使用 svnadmin create /var/www/svnroot/子版本库名称
的方式进行创建。但是要注意上级版本库中是否有文件夹叫这个名字,不然不重名冲突

三、版本库管理配置
进行刚才创建的版本库目录下的conf目录,可以看到有三个文件。

[root@localhost ~]# cd /var/www/svnroot/conf
[root@localhost conf]# ls
authz  passwd  svnserve.conf

svnserve.conf 这个是版本库的配置文件
passwd 这个是记录用户帐号密码的文件
authz 这个则是记录组、权限和身份验证的文件

1、配置svnserve.conf文件
这里需要设置以下几处
anon-access = none 指定匿名权限,默认为可读,现设置匿名无权限
auth-access = write 用户有写权限
password-db = passwd psswd文件地址 password-db 设置成 ../../passwd 这样可以方便统一管理
authz-db = authz 同上
注意去掉#注释以后配置一定要顶格写,下同。

[root@localhost conf]# vim svnserve.conf
[general]
### These options control access to the repository for unauthenticated
### and authenticated users.  Valid values are "write", "read",
### and "none".  The sample settings below are the defaults.
anon-access = none
auth-access = write
### The password-db option controls the location of the password
### database file.  Unless you specify a path starting with a /,
### the file's location is relative to the conf directory.
### Uncomment the line below to use the default password file.
password-db = passwd
### The authz-db option controls the location of the authorization
### rules for path-based access control.  Unless you specify a path
### starting with a /, the file's location is relative to the conf
### directory.  If you don't specify an authz-db, no path-based access
### control is done.
### Uncomment the line below to use the default authorization file.
authz-db = authz
### This option specifies the authentication realm of the repository.
### If two repositories have the same authentication realm, they should
### have the same password database, and vice versa.  The default realm
### is repository's uuid.
# realm = My First Repository

2、配置passwd
该文件中记录svn用户名密码,以 (帐号 = 密码)或 (帐号 : 密码)的形式进行储存。
多用户之前用换行区分。这里配置了一个用户名为sgf密码为123456的svn 账户。

[root@localhost conf]# vim passwd
### This file is an example password file for svnserve.
### Its format is similar to that of svnserve.conf. As shown in the
### example below it contains one section labelled [users].
### The name and password for each user follow, one account per line.

[users]
# harry = harryssecret
# sally = sallyssecret
sgf = 123456

3、authz文件的配置
[groups]表用于用户组的配置例如
“group1 = sgf,sgf2”这样就将这2个用户方在了group1 组织之中。
建立组是为了方便给一组相同权限的用户分配权限。
[/] 指定是svn的根版本库
版本库目录格式:
[< 版本库>:/项目/目录]
@< 用户组名> = < 权限>
< 用户名> = < 权限>

[root@localhost conf]# vim authz
### This file is an example authorization file for svnserve.
### Its format is identical to that of mod_authz_svn authorization
### files.
### As shown below each section defines authorizations for the path and
### (optional) repository specified by the section name.
### The authorizations follow. An authorization line can refer to a
### single user, to a group of users defined in a special [groups]
### section, or to anyone using the '*' wildcard.  Each definition can
### grant read ('r') access, read-write ('rw') access, or no access
### ('').

[groups]
# harry_and_sally = harry,sally

# [/foo/bar]
# harry = rw
# * =

# [repository:/baz/fuz]
# @harry_and_sally = rw
# * = r
[/]
sgf = rw
* =

这样svn版本库就算配置完成了。

运行 svn

[root@localhost ~]# svnserve -d -r /var/www/svnroot

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