centos下安装配置subversion

基本步骤:
1、安装必需的subversion
2、创建版本库
3、配置用户和权限
4、钩子和svn常用命令说明

一、安装subversion
在这里我们使用yum来安装subversion,使用以下命令即可完成。

[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install subversion

二、创建版本库

[root@localhost ~]# svnadmin create /var/www/svnroot

如果需要创建子版本库也可以使用 svnadmin create /var/www/svnroot/子版本库名称
的方式进行创建。但是要注意上级版本库中是否有文件夹叫这个名字,不然不重名冲突

三、版本库管理配置
进行刚才创建的版本库目录下的conf目录,可以看到有三个文件。

[root@localhost ~]# cd /var/www/svnroot/conf
[root@localhost conf]# ls
authz  passwd  svnserve.conf

svnserve.conf 这个是版本库的配置文件
passwd 这个是记录用户帐号密码的文件
authz 这个则是记录组、权限和身份验证的文件

1、配置svnserve.conf文件
这里需要设置以下几处
anon-access = none 指定匿名权限,默认为可读,现设置匿名无权限
auth-access = write 用户有写权限
password-db = passwd psswd文件地址 password-db 设置成 ../../passwd 这样可以方便统一管理
authz-db = authz 同上
注意去掉#注释以后配置一定要顶格写,下同。

[root@localhost conf]# vim svnserve.conf
[general]
### These options control access to the repository for unauthenticated
### and authenticated users.  Valid values are "write", "read",
### and "none".  The sample settings below are the defaults.
anon-access = none
auth-access = write
### The password-db option controls the location of the password
### database file.  Unless you specify a path starting with a /,
### the file's location is relative to the conf directory.
### Uncomment the line below to use the default password file.
password-db = passwd
### The authz-db option controls the location of the authorization
### rules for path-based access control.  Unless you specify a path
### starting with a /, the file's location is relative to the conf
### directory.  If you don't specify an authz-db, no path-based access
### control is done.
### Uncomment the line below to use the default authorization file.
authz-db = authz
### This option specifies the authentication realm of the repository.
### If two repositories have the same authentication realm, they should
### have the same password database, and vice versa.  The default realm
### is repository's uuid.
# realm = My First Repository

2、配置passwd
该文件中记录svn用户名密码,以 (帐号 = 密码)或 (帐号 : 密码)的形式进行储存。
多用户之前用换行区分。这里配置了一个用户名为sgf密码为123456的svn 账户。

[root@localhost conf]# vim passwd
### This file is an example password file for svnserve.
### Its format is similar to that of svnserve.conf. As shown in the
### example below it contains one section labelled [users].
### The name and password for each user follow, one account per line.

[users]
# harry = harryssecret
# sally = sallyssecret
sgf = 123456

3、authz文件的配置
[groups]表用于用户组的配置例如
“group1 = sgf,sgf2”这样就将这2个用户方在了group1 组织之中。
建立组是为了方便给一组相同权限的用户分配权限。
[/] 指定是svn的根版本库
版本库目录格式:
[<版本库>:/项目/目录]
@<用户组名> = <权限>
<用户名> = <权限>

[root@localhost conf]# vim authz
### This file is an example authorization file for svnserve.
### Its format is identical to that of mod_authz_svn authorization
### files.
### As shown below each section defines authorizations for the path and
### (optional) repository specified by the section name.
### The authorizations follow. An authorization line can refer to a
### single user, to a group of users defined in a special [groups]
### section, or to anyone using the '*' wildcard.  Each definition can
### grant read ('r') access, read-write ('rw') access, or no access
### ('').

[groups]
# harry_and_sally = harry,sally

# [/foo/bar]
# harry = rw
# * =

# [repository:/baz/fuz]
# @harry_and_sally = rw
# * = r
[/]
sgf = rw
* =

这样svn版本库就算配置完成了。

运行 svn

[root@localhost ~]# svnserve -d -r /var/www/svnroot


我们继续说下其他常用的一些配置
1、开机自动运行
在/etc/rc.d/rc.local 添加 “/usr/bin/svnserve -d -r svn版本库目录” 即可

[root@localhost ~]# vim /etc/rc.d/rc.local
#
# This script will be executed *after* all the other init scripts.
# You can put your own initialization stuff in here if you don't
# want to do the full Sys V style init stuff.

touch /var/lock/subsys/local
/usr/bin/svnserve -d -r /var/www/svnroot

2、钩子自动更新
说明,在开发时经常需要提交代码,如果使用钩子自动更新的话,只要有人提交后就能自动更新到服务器上,非常方便哦。
首先必须对代码目录checkout

[root@localhost ~]# cd /var/www
[root@localhost www]# svn checkout svn://localhost html
Authentication realm: <svn://localhost:3690> 21d46c22-96a8-465b-9d0b-58a1e04abdfd
Password for 'root':
Authentication realm: <svn://localhost:3690> 21d46c22-96a8-465b-9d0b-58a1e04abdfd
Username: sgf
Password for 'sgf':
Checked out revision 0.

如果需要先提交服务器上的代码 可以使用
svn add 文件或目录
svn ci -m 注释
进行提交
svn up 可以将最新版本更新出来。

进入版本库hooks目录
将post-commit.tmpl 模板复制一份 取名post-commit
在末尾加上
svn up /var/www/html/ –username sgf –password 123456
并赋予执行权限。

[root@localhost ~]# cd /var/www/svnroot/hooks/
[root@localhost hooks]# ls
post-commit.tmpl  post-revprop-change.tmpl  pre-commit.tmpl  pre-revprop-change.tmpl  start-commit.tmpl
post-lock.tmpl    post-unlock.tmpl          pre-lock.tmpl    pre-unlock.tmpl
[root@localhost hooks]# cp post-commit.tmpl  post-commit
[root@localhost hooks]# vim post-commit

# named 'post-commit' (for which this file is a template) with the
# following ordered arguments:
#
#   [1] REPOS-PATH   (the path to this repository)
#   [2] REV          (the number of the revision just committed)
#
# The default working directory for the invocation is undefined, so
# the program should set one explicitly if it cares.
#
# Because the commit has already completed and cannot be undone,
# the exit code of the hook program is ignored.  The hook program
# can use the 'svnlook' utility to help it examine the
# newly-committed tree.
#
# On a Unix system, the normal procedure is to have 'post-commit'
# invoke other programs to do the real work, though it may do the
# work itself too.
#
# Note that 'post-commit' must be executable by the user(s) who will
# invoke it (typically the user httpd runs as), and that user must
# have filesystem-level permission to access the repository.
#
# On a Windows system, you should name the hook program
# 'post-commit.bat' or 'post-commit.exe',
# but the basic idea is the same.
#
# The hook program typically does not inherit the environment of
# its parent process.  For example, a common problem is for the
# PATH environment variable to not be set to its usual value, so
# that subprograms fail to launch unless invoked via absolute path.
# If you're having unexpected problems with a hook program, the
# culprit may be unusual (or missing) environment variables.
#
# Here is an example hook script, for a Unix /bin/sh interpreter.
# For more examples and pre-written hooks, see those in
# the Subversion repository at
# http://svn.collab.net/repos/svn/trunk/tools/hook-scripts/ and
# http://svn.collab.net/repos/svn/trunk/contrib/hook-scripts/


REPOS="$1"
REV="$2"

svn up /var/www/html/ --username sgf --password 123456

[root@localhost hooks]# chmod +x post-commit

这样当用户提交文件的第时候,svn将会自动执行更新,使代码同步。

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